Comprehensive Author Guidelines

Table of Contents


Manuscript Types Accepted

Submission Details/Process

Guidelines for Creating an Abstract

Guidelines for Creating Effective Keywords

Guidelines for Creating an Expanded Outline

Guidelines for Completing a First Draft

Journal Publication Standards

Ethical Standards

Contact Information



Welcome to the BAPS Swaminarayan Research Journal, a prestigious publication that emerged from the visionary aspirations of Pramukh Swami Maharaj and the dedication of Mahant Swami Maharaj. On July 4, 2010, during the inauguration of the BAPS Swaminarayan Research Institute in New Delhi, Pramukh Swami Maharaj expressed his desire to establish a periodic academic journal. He envisioned a platform that would allow intellectuals studying Indian thought to present their research to a wide scholarly audience. Moreover, he wished to create a forum that encourages intellectual and scholarly investigations across various disciplines, fostering interdisciplinary, interfaith, and inter-cultural dialogue. In fulfilling Pramukh Swami Maharaj's wishes, Mahant Swami Maharaj inspired the publication of this journal.

Under the blessings of Mahant Swami Maharaj, the BAPS Swaminarayan Research Journal aligns its values, goals, and directives with the intellectual pursuits of the BAPS research institutes. Published from the BAPS Swaminarayan Research Institute at Swaminarayan Akshardham in New Delhi, this journal is a collaborative endeavor that encompasses the scholarly institutes, initiatives, and interests of BAPS in India and abroad.

The aim of the journal is to publish insightful, profound, practical, and groundbreaking scholarship across a wide range of discipline-specific subjects. In addition to scholarship on the tradition's teachings, texts, and history, the journal welcomes investigations in diverse fields such as music, poetry, creative writing, visual arts, architecture, agriculture, performing arts, philosophy, Sanskrit, Indian vernacular languages, sacred texts, philology, linguistics, Indian darśanas, management, history (including Indian, art, and cultural history), medicine, computer technology, print and electronic publishing, foreign languages, cinematography, and culinary studies as they relate to the Svāminārāyaṇa tradition and Indian thought.

BAPS Swaminarayan Research is committed to advancing quality research, learning, and expression in all forms of academic scholarship. Through our various educational initiatives, we strive to promote the highest level of academic excellence across all disciplines. We firmly believe that providing opportunities for value-based instruction, innovative research, creative expression, mutual discussion, and social service will inspire quality, original, productive, and responsible scholarship. Rooted in a strong foundation of values, we are dedicated to fostering an intellectual tradition that transcends boundaries and creates sustainable opportunities for holistic growth throughout the academic landscape.

We wholeheartedly invite authors to contribute their valuable scholarly work to the BAPS Swaminarayan Research Journal. By sharing your research, insights, and expertise, you will make a significant contribution to the advancement of Indian thought. Your contributions hold the potential to shape and expand our understanding of various disciplines within Indian thought, ranging from music, poetry, and creative writing to architecture, philosophy, linguistics, history, and more. Through your valuable research, we aim to foster interdisciplinary dialogue and promote academic excellence in exploring the rich tapestry of Indian thought. We eagerly anticipate your submissions, as they will undoubtedly help us further unravel the depths of knowledge and contribute to the intellectual landscape of Indian thought.

To ensure a seamless submission and publication process, we have developed comprehensive author guidelines for the BAPS Swaminarayan Research Journal. These guidelines aim to provide clear instructions and support to authors in preparing their manuscripts for review and publication. They outline the preferred manuscript types, the submission process, and the expected structure of articles and book reviews. Additionally, the guidelines emphasize the importance of ethical considerations in research and highlight the journal's commitment to maintaining the highest standards of academic integrity. Authors will find detailed instructions on manuscript preparation, including formatting requirements, citation styles, and guidelines for different sections of their submissions. The guidelines also shed light on the peer review and publication process, providing authors with insights into the journal's review criteria and the timeline from submission to final acceptance. By adhering to these guidelines, authors can confidently contribute their scholarly work, advancing the understanding of Indian thought and making a valuable impact in their respective fields.

Manuscript Types Accepted

The BAPS Swaminarayan Research Journal accepts two types of manuscripts: full research articles and book reviews. Each manuscript type serves a distinct purpose and contributes to the scholarly discourse in different ways.

1. Full Research Articles

Full research articles are comprehensive scholarly works that present original research findings and contribute to the existing body of knowledge in the field. These articles follow a structured format, including sections such as an abstract, introduction, literature review, methodology, results and discussion, conclusion, and references. They provide an opportunity for authors to delve deeply into a specific research question or objective, conduct rigorous analysis, and present their findings and interpretations to a broad scholarly audience. Full research articles are expected to provide insightful and evidence-based contributions that advance understanding, theory, or practice within the field.

2. Book Reviews

Book reviews offer critical evaluations and analyses of recently published books relevant to Indian thought. The purpose of book reviews is to provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of the book's content, arguments, and contributions to the field. Authors of book reviews should provide an overview of the book's main themes, summarize its key arguments, assess its strengths and weaknesses, and offer a thoughtful critique. Book reviews facilitate engagement with contemporary publications, enable scholars to stay abreast of new developments, and guide readers in selecting relevant literature for their own research. They provide a platform for scholarly dialogue and the exploration of diverse perspectives within the field.

Both full research articles and book reviews accepted by the journal contribute to the advancement of knowledge and scholarship in unique ways. These manuscripts provide opportunities for researchers, scholars, and intellectuals to disseminate their findings, engage in academic discourse, and foster a deeper understanding of the subject. By accepting both types of manuscripts, the journal aims to facilitate a comprehensive exploration of Indian thought and its expression and encourage diverse contributions from scholars worldwide.

Submission Details/Process

Having a well-defined and structured submission process is of utmost importance for the BAPS Swaminarayan Research Journal. This process ensures that the journal maintains high standards of quality, integrity, and academic rigor in the content it publishes. By implementing a systematic approach, the journal aims to provide a fair and transparent platform for authors to submit their scholarly work, undergo rigorous peer review, and ultimately contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field of Indian thought. The multi-stage submission process allows for careful evaluation of abstracts, expanded outlines, and subsequent drafts, ensuring that the published articles meet the journal's scope, ethical considerations, and editorial standards. Through this process, the journal aims to foster the dissemination of robust research, facilitate constructive feedback, and ultimately contribute to the scholarly discourse within the field.

Below, you will find a comprehensive overview of the submission process for the journal. This step-by-step guide will lead you through each stage, providing the necessary guidance and support to ensure that your manuscript receives the attention it deserves to ensure its quality and scholarly value.

Step 1: Initial Abstract Submission:

Authors are required to submit their initial abstract via email to [email protected]. The abstract will undergo a review process by the journal's editors. Authors will be notified via email regarding the suitability of their proposed research article, considering the scope, relevance, and impact of the proposed submission.

Step 2: Submission of Expanded Outline

If the abstract aligns with the journal's scope, authors are requested to submit a 1,500-word expanded outline of the proposed work. The editors will review this submission and provide feedback. They may also suggest submitting a full paper and provide a tentative deadline for the submission of a first completed draft.

Step 3: First Completed Draft Submission

Authors are expected to submit their first completed draft of the full paper by the given deadline. The submitted paper will undergo a blind peer review process, after which the reviewers' comments will be shared with the author. A tentative deadline will be provided for the submission of a final reviewed version of their paper.

Step 4: Reviewed Submission

Based on the reviewer comments, the author is required to revise and resubmit the paper. If the revised paper is deemed acceptable, it proceeds to Step 5: Formatting and Layout. However, if further revisions are needed, additional comments and suggestions will be provided, and the author will be guided back to Step 4.

Step 5: Formatting and Layout

Once the paper is accepted, it will be formatted and laid out according to the journal's publishing standards. The formatted version will be sent to the author for final approval. In addition, authors will receive a Publishing Agreement, which outlines the terms and conditions regarding the publication of their work. This agreement covers important aspects such as copyright, permissions, and dissemination rights. Authors are kindly requested to review, sign, and return the Publishing Agreement to ensure a smooth and legally compliant publication process.

Step 6: Publication

After receiving the signed Publishing Agreement from the author, the article will be published according to the guidelines and standards set forth by the journal, as well as the timetable established for the publication process. This ensures that the research findings are presented in a manner consistent with the journal's requirements and allows for effective dissemination to its readership.

Throughout the submission process, authors can expect communication and guidance from the journal's editors, ensuring a thorough and rigorous review process that upholds the quality and integrity of the published articles. (For additional information on making submissions, please view the section titled: “Submissions”)

Guidelines for Creating an Abstract

Length and Format

Abstracts should be concise and provide a clear overview of the research work. They should typically not exceed 350 words. The abstract should be written in a clear, concise, and coherent manner, ensuring that the main objectives, methods, results, and conclusions of the study are succinctly presented.

Content and Structure

The abstract should provide a brief introduction to the research topic, highlighting its significance and relevance. Clearly state the research objectives or questions addressed in the study. Summarize the methodology or approach employed in the research, along with key findings or results obtained. Conclude the abstract with the main implications or conclusions drawn from the research.

Language and Style

Abstracts should be written in clear and concise language, avoiding unnecessary jargon or technical terms. Minimize the use of acronyms and abbreviations, or explain them when used. Structure the abstract with coherent sentences and paragraphs that flow logically.


Provide a list of keywords that accurately reflect the content and focus of the research. These keywords should be relevant to the study and aid in indexing and searching for the article. Further insights on how to create keywords can be found in the section titled “Guidelines for Creating Effective Keywords.”

Submission Process

Authors are requested to submit their abstracts via email to [email protected]. Use "Abstract Submission" as the email subject line and include the title of the research work in the body of the email. (For additional information on making submissions, please view the section titled: “Submissions”)

Notification and Next Steps

Upon receipt of the abstract, the journal's editorial team will review it for suitability and relevance to the journal's scope. Authors will be notified via email regarding the acceptance of their abstract and further instructions for the submission of the full paper or expanded outline, if applicable.

Ethical Considerations

Authors should ensure that their abstracts adhere to ethical guidelines, including proper attribution of sources and compliance with ethical standards, if applicable. If the research involves third-party participants, ensure that appropriate informed consent and relevant ethical approvals have been obtained.

These guidelines for abstract submissions are designed to help authors create compelling and engaging abstracts. By adhering to these guidelines, authors can effectively present their research work, capturing the essence of their study in a concise yet informative manner. This will increase the chances of their abstract being accepted and contribute to the overall quality and appeal of the journal.

Guidelines for Creating Effective Keywords

Academic publishers usually ask authors to pick a few keywords whenever they submit a paper. These keywords are terms relevant to your article that people can search for on a journal database. Along with your title and abstract, these keywords will impact how many people find, read, and cite your paper. It is therefore vital to give this issue a little thought. But how should you pick keywords for a journal article?

Tips on How to Select Keywords

To find the best keywords for a journal article, follow these tips.

Focus on the Main Topic of Your Research

Use the main topic of your paper to guide keyword selection. For instance, if your paper is about the medical usage of nanotechnology, your keywords would include terms like “nanomedicine” and “nanopharmaceutics.” It can also help to consider what your target reader is likely to search for in a database.

Don’t Duplicate Words from Your Title

The title of your paper is important partly because it will register on search engines. And since you can only pick a few keywords for your article, you should avoid duplicating any terminology already used in the paper’s title.

Be Specific

Try to be as specific as possible. This may include using “key phrases” of two or three words, since single-word terms can be too ambiguous. For instance, whereas “nanotechnology” would bring up every paper related to nanotechnology in any way, searching for a key phrase like “cancer nanotechnology” would only find papers specifically about cancer AND nanotechnology. Using specific keywords will therefore help readers with a specific interest in your subject area to find your paper.

Test Your Keywords

Finally, once you have selected some keywords, enter them into a relevant journal database. If they bring up articles on topics similar to your own, then you’ve selected good keywords. If not, you may need to try again.

In addition, if you’re struggling to come up with keywords that work, you can search for some articles that cover a similar subject. You can then check their keywords and use these to guide your own choices.

Keywords are a tool to help indexers and search engines find relevant papers. If database search engines can find your journal manuscript, readers will be able to find it too. This will increase the number of people reading your manuscript, and likely lead to more citations.

However, to be effective, Keywords must be chosen carefully. They should:

  • Represent the content of your manuscript.
  • Be specific to your field or sub-field.


The following are a few examples of keywords and how they may be further enhanced.

Sample 1

Manuscript Title: Direct observation of nonlinear optics in an isolated carbon nanotube

Poor Keywords: molecule, optics, lasers, energy lifetime

Better Keywords: single-molecule interaction, Kerr effect, carbon nanotubes, energy level structure

Sample 2

Manuscript Title: Region-specific neuronal degeneration after okadaic acid administration

Poor Keywords: neuron, brain, OA (an abbreviation), regional-specific neuronal degeneration, signaling

Better Keywords: neurodegenerative diseases; CA1 region, hippocampal; okadaic acid; neurotoxins; MAP kinase signaling system; cell death

Sample 3

Manuscript Title: Increases in levels of sediment transport at former glacial-interglacial transitions

Poor Keywords: climate change, erosion, plant effects

Better Keywords: quaternary climate change, soil erosion, bioturbation

Guidelines for Creating an Expanded Outline

The submission of an expanded outline is an essential step in the manuscript preparation process for our journal. This stage allows authors to provide a more detailed overview of their proposed research work, further elaborating on the research objectives, methodology, and expected findings. By following the guidelines outlined below, authors can effectively present a well-structured outline that showcases the significance and potential contribution of their research. The expanded outline submission serves as a crucial foundation for the subsequent development of the full paper, and it enables our editorial team to provide valuable feedback and guidance to authors early in the creation process, ensuring the overall quality and scholarly value of the research.

Length and Format

The expanded outline should provide a more detailed overview of the proposed research work. It should typically be around 1,500 words in length. Ensure that the outline is well-structured and organized, allowing for a clear understanding of the research objectives, methodology, key findings, and implications.

Content and Structure

The expanded outline should consist of the following sections, each with clear section headings, to provide a comprehensive overview of the proposed research work:

1. Why this paper?

In this section, authors should provide an introduction that offers background information on the research topic. Contextualize the significance of the study within the broader academic or practical context. Clearly state the research objectives or questions that the paper aims to address. This section serves as the foundation for understanding the motivation and purpose of the research.

2. Methodology

In the methodology section, authors should provide a clear description of the methodology or approach that will be employed in the study. Explain the research design, data collection methods, sample selection, and any relevant tools or instruments that will be utilized. This section allows readers to understand the overall framework and approach employed in the research.

3. Analysis

In this section, authors should outline the proposed structure of the full paper. Provide an overview of the main sections and sub-sections that will be included. This helps readers grasp the organization and flow of the research work, ensuring clarity and coherence in presenting the findings and arguments.

4. Key Findings

Summarize the expected or preliminary findings of the research and emphasize their significance. Briefly highlight the main outcomes or discoveries that have emerged from the study. This section provides a glimpse into the potential contributions and impact of the research, generating interest and anticipation for the full paper.

By including these sections with clear headings in the expanded outline, authors can effectively communicate the rationale, methodology, structure, and key findings of their research work. This ensures that the outline serves as a comprehensive and informative guide for both the author and the editorial team, facilitating the subsequent development of the full paper.

Language and Style

Use clear and concise language in the expanded outline, avoiding excessive technical terminology or jargon. Ensure that the outline is coherent and logical, with well-developed paragraphs and appropriate transitions between ideas.

Citations and References

If relevant, include citations and references in the expanded outline. Follow the MLA citation style guidelines to provide accurate and consistent references for any sources cited. This helps establish the scholarly foundation of the proposed research work.

Submission Process

Submit the expanded outline via email to [email protected]. Use "Expanded Outline Submission" as the email subject line and include the title of the research work in the body of the email. (For additional information on making submissions, please view the section titled: “Submissions”)

Review and Feedback

Upon receipt of the expanded outline, the journal's editorial team will review it carefully. They may provide feedback or suggestions to further enhance the proposed research before proceeding to the full paper submission. Authors will be notified via email regarding the feedback received and any suggested revisions.


Authors should follow the timetable provided by the editorial team for the submission of the expanded outline. Adhering to the given deadline ensures a smooth review process and timely progression towards the completion of the full paper.

By following these guidelines for submitting an expanded outline, authors can provide a comprehensive overview of their research work, demonstrating its significance and potential contribution to the field. This will help the editorial team assess the suitability of the proposed research and provide valuable feedback to refine and strengthen the full paper submission.

Guidelines for Completing a First Draft

The submission of the first completed draft is a crucial step in the manuscript preparation process. Authors are strongly encouraged to ensure that their first draft includes all the essential elements expected in a final paper. This means that the manuscript should be complete in terms of its content, structure, and formatting. All sections, including the introduction, methodology, analysis, findings, and conclusion, should be fully developed and articulated. By treating the first draft as a comprehensive and finalized version, authors demonstrate their commitment to producing a well-crafted research paper. This approach sets a strong foundation for the subsequent blind peer review process, enabling reviewers to provide valuable feedback and suggestions that further enhance the manuscript's quality and scholarly value.

Submission Deadline

Authors should submit their first completed draft of the full paper by the specified deadline. Adhering to the deadline ensures a smooth review process and timely progression towards the final publication.

Manuscript Structure

The manuscript structure of a full academic article plays a crucial role in effectively communicating research findings and engaging readers. A well-structured article ensures that information is presented in a logical and organized manner, facilitating comprehension, and enhancing the overall scholarly value of the work. This section outlines the essential elements of a manuscript, including the title, revised abstract, main article with clear divisions, a list of abbreviations, works cited according to MLA standards, appendices (if applicable), and endnotes (if necessary). By adhering to a structured manuscript format, authors can present their research with clarity, coherence, and scholarly rigor, enabling readers to navigate the content effortlessly and derive maximum value from their work.

1. Title

The article should begin with a concise and informative title that effectively captures the essence of the research and piques the readers' interest. The title should accurately reflect the content of the article and provide a clear indication of the research focus.

2. Revised Abstract

Following the title, a revised abstract should be included. The abstract provides a concise summary of the article, highlighting the research objectives, methodology, key findings, and significance. It should be written in a clear and engaging manner, enticing readers to delve further into the article.

3. Main Article

The main body of the article should be clearly divided into sections and subsections. These divisions help organize the content and facilitate the flow of information. Each section should have a descriptive heading that accurately reflects its content and purpose. The article should follow a logical structure, presenting the research in a coherent and systematic manner.

4. List of Abbreviations

If the article includes abbreviations, a list of abbreviations should be provided. This list should present the abbreviations used in the article along with their corresponding full forms, ensuring clarity and comprehension for readers.

5. Works Cited

A list of works cited should be included at the end of the article, following the MLA (Modern Language Association) citation standards. This section should provide complete and accurate bibliographic information for all the sources cited in the article. Proper citation formatting and adherence to MLA guidelines demonstrate scholarly rigor and allow readers to locate and explore the referenced works.

6. Appendices

If the article includes any supplementary materials, such as additional data, charts, graphs, or tables, they can be included as appendices. Appendices provide valuable supporting information that enriches the content of the article but may not be essential for understanding the main arguments presented in the text. Each appendix should be clearly labeled and referred to within the main body of the article.

7. Endnotes

In some cases, additional explanatory or contextual information may be included as endnotes. Endnotes are separate from the main body of the article and provide clarifications, references, or further elaborations on specific points. They are typically numbered and indicated within the text using superscript numbers or symbols, with the corresponding explanations provided at the end of the article.

By adhering to this structured manuscript format, authors ensure clarity, coherence, and a comprehensive presentation of their research findings. This organized approach enhances the article's readability, accessibility, and scholarly value, promoting effective communication and engagement with the target audience.

Paper Formatting

Ensure that the submitted paper follows the journal's formatting guidelines, including font style, font size, line spacing, margins, and page numbering. Consistency in formatting enhances readability and ensures a professional presentation of the research work. For further elaboration please view the section titled “Journal Publication Standards.”

Blind Peer Review Process

The submitted paper will undergo a blind peer review process, where the identities of the reviewers and authors are kept confidential. This ensures an unbiased evaluation of the research work based solely on its quality, methodology, and contribution to the field.

Reviewer Feedback

Following the blind peer review, reviewers will provide feedback, comments, and suggestions on the paper. Authors should carefully consider these comments and address them in their revisions. The feedback received aims to enhance the overall quality, clarity, and rigor of the research work.

Final Reviewed Version

Authors are expected to submit a final reviewed version of their paper, incorporating the necessary revisions based on the reviewer comments. The revised version should effectively address the reviewers' concerns and suggestions, strengthening the research work and ensuring its scholarly value.


A tentative deadline will be provided for the submission of the final reviewed version. Authors should adhere to this timeline to maintain a smooth workflow and facilitate the timely publication of their research.

Submitting the First Completed Draft

To initiate the submission process, authors should send their completed draft to [email protected], clearly indicating their name, the title of their work, and a clear specification of all attached elements, including text and images. Providing these details in the submission email ensures a smooth and efficient handling of the manuscript. (For additional information on making submissions, please view the section titled: “Submissions”)

By following these general guidelines, authors can effectively navigate the process of submitting their first completed draft. The blind peer review process and incorporating reviewer feedback contribute to the overall improvement and refinement of the research work, enhancing its quality and impact.

Journal Publication Standards

To ensure consistency and adherence to scholarly standards, we provide the following guidelines for the use of diacritics, metalanguage, translation, referencing, and other important aspects of academic writing.

Microsoft Word Templates and Fonts

We have created Microsoft Word templates specifically designed for the BAPS Swaminarayan Research Journal. These templates include the formatting styles and guidelines for manuscript preparation. To access the templates and relevant fonts, please click on the following: Templates and Fonts


When crafting the title of your submitted article, consider the following guidelines:

  • Concise and Informative: Keep the title concise while conveying the main theme or focus of your research. A clear and informative title helps readers understand the subject matter at a glance.
  • Accuracy and Relevance: Ensure that the title accurately represents the content of your article and is directly relevant to your research. Avoid misleading or sensationalized titles that may misrepresent your findings.
  • Avoid Abbreviations and Acronyms: Use full words and phrases instead of abbreviations or acronyms in the title. This ensures clarity and comprehension for a wider audience.
  • Captivating and Engaging: While maintaining accuracy, aim to make the title engaging and captivating to attract readers' interest. A compelling title can pique curiosity and encourage readers to delve deeper into your article.
  • Alternative Short Title: In cases where the full title of your article may be too long to fit on the top of each page, consider providing an alternative short title. This abbreviated version should capture the essence of your research and serve as a condensed representation of your article's main focus.

Remember that the title serves as a crucial first impression of your article. It should accurately reflect the content, be concise yet informative, and capture the attention of potential readers.

Section and Subsection Organization

To enhance the clarity and readability of your article, it is important to clearly divide it into sections and subsections. This helps readers navigate through your content and locate specific information easily. When structuring your article, utilize appropriate headings and subheadings to indicate different sections and subsections. If your article requires further levels of subordination, you can adopt a decimal numbering system to denote additional subsections. This hierarchical approach ensures a logical flow of information and facilitates understanding of the content's organization.


  1. File Format: Please submit all documents and files in Microsoft Word format (.doc or .docx). This ensures compatibility and enables smooth processing of your submission.
  2. Images: When including images in your submission, ensure they are in widely accepted formats such as JPEG (.jpg) or PNG (.png). These formats are compatible with most publishing platforms and ensure optimal display quality. Additionally, please provide high-resolution versions of the images to maintain clarity and visual impact.
  3. PDF: If you choose to submit a PDF file, please also include the corresponding Word document (.doc or .docx) for the same submission. This allows for easier editing, formatting, and review processes. Providing both formats ensures that your submission can be properly assessed and processed without any technical limitations.
  4. File Naming: To help us manage and identify your submission efficiently, please use clear and descriptive file names for all your documents and images. Use meaningful titles that reflect the content and purpose of each file. This practice streamlines the review and publication process, reducing the chances of any confusion or misplacement.

When naming files for submission, please follow the guideline of using version numbers. Start with "v01" to indicate the initial version of the file. As you make subsequent revisions or updates, increment the version number accordingly (e.g., v02, v03, etc.). This naming convention helps to keep track of different versions of the same document and facilitates organization and clarity in the submission process. By adopting this naming practice, it becomes easier to identify and manage different iterations of your files.

  1. Multiple Submissions: If you are submitting multiple files as part of your submission, please organize them in a logical manner. Consider using folders or clearly labeled sections to indicate the different components of your submission. This facilitates easier navigation and review for the editorial team.
  2. Completeness of Submissions: Ensure that your submission includes all the necessary components, such as the manuscript, abstract, images, and any supplementary materials. Check that all the required elements are included and properly referenced within the document.
  3. Email Submission: When making submissions, please send your email to [email protected]. In the email, ensure to include the author's name and the title of their work. Clearly indicate the nature of the submission (e.g., abstract, completed first draft, revised draft) and provide a concise description of the attachments included in the email. This will help the editorial team easily identify and process your submission.

By following these submission guidelines, you can ensure a smooth and efficient review process for your work. If you have any further questions or need clarification on any aspect of the submission process, please do not hesitate to contact our editorial office. We are here to assist you and ensure that your valuable research receives the attention it deserves.


Diacritics should be used accurately and consistently when representing non-English words or foreign language terms. Authors are encouraged to use appropriate diacritics to maintain the integrity and authenticity of linguistic expressions. When submitting manuscripts, please ensure that diacritics are properly rendered and displayed.

IAST Convention

When using diacritics in your article, it is recommended to follow the International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) convention. IAST is a widely recognized system for transliterating Indic scripts and is commonly used in scholarly publications. Adhering to the IAST convention ensures consistency and accuracy in representing diacritical marks, accentuations, and special characters. It facilitates clear communication and aids readers in correctly interpreting and understanding the transliterated content.

Miscellaneous Guidelines

The following are best practices for implementing diacritic elements in the manuscript:

Proper Names of People and Places (that are well known)

  • Do not include diacritical marks.
  • Do not italic ize.

Proper Names of People and Places (that are not well known)

  • Use diacritics when providing translations.
  • For Sanskrit term’s please use uninflected word-stems
    • For -anant, -inant words, and certain exceptions, like ‘Brahmā,’ use the singular normative case of the term.
    • For proper nouns that end in -s (e.g. ‘Nāciketas’) use the singular normative case (e.g. ‘Naciketā’).

For example: ‘Caturvyūha,’ ‘Vāsudeva,’ ‘Keśava,’ ‘Pradhāna Puruṣa,’ ‘Virāt Puruṣa,’ ‘Brahmā,’ ‘Brahman,’ ‘Viṣṇu,’ and ‘Maheśa.’

  • Do not italicize.

Proper Names of Textual Sources

  • If the title of the text is in another language, please include all relevant diacritical marks.
  • If the title of the text is in English, there is no need to include diacritical marks, unless it is specified in the title itself.
  • All textual sources should be italicized.

Common Nouns

  • When using common nouns of a foreign language, please implement relevant diacritical marks.
  • Common nouns of a foreign language should be placed in italics.
  • Use the Sanskrit term’s uninflected word-stem
    • For example: The Sanskrit term ‘vanam’ would appea as ‘vana’, ‘Rāmaḥ’ would appear as ‘Rāma’, and ‘Brahma’ would appear as ‘Brahman’.
  • Terms accepted in Oxford English dictionary such as ‘guru’ and ‘karma’ do not need to be italicized.
  • The plural of transliterated terms will be conjugated according to standard English grammar; viz. by appending: -s, -es, -is, -ic…


  • Please be aware of the following usage of dates.
    • Poṣa sud 1
    • Poṣa sud ekādaśī
    • Poṣa sud pūnam
    • Poṣa vad amāsa
  • Common Era or Current Era (CE) is a name for a calendar era that is currently widely used around the world. The era preceding CE is known as before the Common or Current Era (BCE). If possible, please also provide in parenthesis a corresponding CE or BCE date of any dates provided using an alternative dating system.

For example: Guru Pūrṇimā, Saṃvata 2064 (18 July 2008)


Metalanguage refers to a specialized language or terminology used to discuss, describe, or analyze language itself. It is a language used to talk about language. In academic and linguistic contexts, metalanguage provides a set of terms and concepts that allow scholars to describe linguistic structures, analyze language patterns, and discuss linguistic theories. It serves as a tool for precise communication and facilitates the understanding and analysis of various linguistic phenomena.

When discussing language or linguistic concepts, authors should use metalanguage appropriately and precisely. Define metalanguage terms and concepts clearly, especially when they might be unfamiliar to a broader readership. Maintain consistency in the use of metalanguage throughout the manuscript.

The following are best practices for implementing metalinguistic elements in the manuscript:

  • All metalanguage terms are in single quotes.

For example: ‘God’ contains three letters.

  • When metalanguage elements are referred to in the text as metalanguage elements, there is no need to use single quotes. For example:

For example: The word God contains three letters.

  • Capitalize metalanguage usages at the beginning of sentences.

For example: ‘Dāsabhāva’ refers to the sentiment of wilful and unpretentious service that originates from, among other things, love, respect, adoration, humility and gratitude.

  • When offering translations or clarifications of usages, use parenthesis ‘(’ and ‘)’.

For example: When Parabrahman, who travels (manifests) in human form, returns to

  • When inserting phrases or text within a quotation to complete thoughts or ideas, surround these insertions with square brackets ‘[‘ and ‘]’.


When referencing text from another language, authors should provide an accurate translation within the main body of the text. Additionally, include a transliteration of the original text in footnotes, and provide the original text in the endnotes. It is crucial to ensure that translations faithfully capture the meaning and intent of the original source. By doing so, authors maintain the integrity of the referenced material and promote a comprehensive understanding for readers.

When providing translations of words and small phrases…

Place an English translation of the term/phrase followed by a diacritic form of the original term/phrase.

  • For example: Parabrahman is worshipped with wilful servitude (dāsabhāva)[1] by the personal (mūrtimān) form of Akṣarabrahman and infinite released jīvātmans and īśvarātmans (muktas).

When providing translations of quotations containing phrases, sentences, or paragraphs…

Place English translation in double quotes, followed by a footnote which contains a diacritic transliteration of the original text, followed by an appropriate reference. For aesthetic reasons, please place the footnote after the double end quotes.

  • For example: Kṛṣṇa highlights the need to attain oneness with Brahman in order to offer devotion to Parabrahman when he states, “The pleased self who has attained oneness with Brahman neither grieves nor desires any worldly-things and sees all beings with equanimity; (s)he attains my ultimate devotion.”[2]

When providing translations of large quotations…

In instances where authors include large quotations in their manuscripts, it is recommended to start the quotation on its own line and indent the text from both sides of the margin. The provided template offers a convenient style that automatically applies this formatting. By utilizing this feature, authors can effectively distinguish these extended quotations from the main body of the text, enhancing readability and maintaining consistency throughout the article.

References, Footnotes, and Endnotes

Accurate and consistent referencing is vital in academic writing. Authors must adhere to the MLA style for in-text citations and the Works Cited section. This ensures proper credit is given to original authors and upholds the standards of scholarly integrity. Diligent adherence to these guidelines fosters academic honesty, transparency, and intellectual engagement, contributing to the growth of scholarship.

  • Please do not provide inline references. Please provide all references as footnotes.
  • For referencing, please use the latest MLA (Modern Language Association) standards. Further information may be acquired from the following address:
  • According to the MLA manual: A Works Cited only list items that have actually been referred within in work. A Bibliography lists all of the material that have been consulted in preparing an essay whether or not they have actually referred to and cited the work. For practical purposes, only an appropriately formatted and documented Works Cited section is required at the end of all submissions.
  • Entries in the Works Cited should follow the language of your submission.
    • If your submission is in English and you are citing a source that is in another language (e.g. Sanskrit), please offer IAST transliteration of the reference details presented in you Works Cited section.
    • If your submission is in Hindi or Sanskrit (Devanagari script) and you are citing a source that is in another language, please present reference details in the script of the source text.
  • When referencing well-known traditional sources that have referenceable adhyāya, khaṇḍa, śloka, chapter, verse, etc. numbers, specify in a footnote the following in order: (1) the title of the text or its abbreviation followed by (2) the appropriate adhyāya, khaṇḍa, śloka, chapter, verse, etc. number, followed by (3) an appropriate MLA formatted reference.
    • Such dual references are provided to facilitate reference addressing in original sources for those who do not have the same edition of the text as the author.
    • If abbreviations for titles of texts are used in referencing, please also provide an abbreviations table in an appendix to the submission.
      • For example: Kṛṣṇa highlights the need to attain oneness with Brahman in order to offer devotion to Parabrahman when he states, “The pleased self who has attained oneness with Brahman neither grieves nor desires any worldly-things and sees all beings with equanimity; (s)he attains my ultimate devotion.”[3]
    • Placement of footnote or endnote number in the body text
      • Place footnote or endnote number after the following punctuation: commas, colons, question marks, exclamation marks.
      • When dealing with parentheses or brackets, place footnote and endnote number before the ending parenthesis or bracket.
      • In certain rare occasions footnotes may appear before commas, colons, question marks, exclamation marks. Place a footnote before the above punctuation when it serves to explain the last term of the sentence.
        • For example: He is the lord of innumerable millions of brahmāṇḍas[4].

Reference Management Tool

Zotero is a highly recommended tool for authors to manage their citations and works cited entries. Its robust features and seamless integration with word processing software make it an invaluable resource for organizing and formatting references. By using Zotero, authors can save considerable time and effort in creating accurate and consistent citations. With its extensive database and citation style options, Zotero ensures that citations and works cited entries adhere to the specific guidelines of various academic disciplines. The ability to automatically generate bibliographies and collaborate with other researchers further enhances the convenience and efficiency of using Zotero. Therefore, authors are strongly encouraged to utilize Zotero as their preferred reference management tool to streamline the citation process and produce well-structured works cited sections.

For further information on how to freely acquire Zotero, please visit their website:

Miscellaneous Items

Regarding combining quotation marks with other punctuation marks:

  • Colons (‘:’) and dashes (‘-‘, ‘—’) always go outside the closing quotation mark.
  • Periods, commas, and semicolons always go inside the closing quotation marks.
    • Question marks and exclamation points: If the question mark or exclamation point is part of your quotation, it stays inside; but if the question mark or exclamation point are not part of the quotation, they go outside the closing quotation mark.

In the following examples, the terminal punctuation is part of the quotation, so it stays inside the final quotation mark:

  • Reynold asked, “Can we have ice cream for dinner?”
  • Mom snapped and shouted, “No, we cannot have ice cream for dinner!”

In the following examples, the terminal punctuation is not part of the quotation—it applies to the entire sentence—so it goes outside the final quotation mark:

  • Do you actually like “Chaos in Reflection”?
  • I can’t believe you lied to me about the ending of “One Hundred Years of Solitude”!


When it comes to using dashes in your writing, it is important to understand the distinction between a hyphen (-) and an em-dash (—).

  • Hyphens are typically used to join words or parts of words together, such as in compound words or to indicate a range of numbers. They should not be used interchangeably with dashes.
  • Em-dashes, on the other hand, serve different purposes. They can be used to indicate a break or interruption in a sentence, to emphasize a particular point, or to set off additional information. Em-dashes are longer than hyphens and create a more pronounced break in the text.

Here are some general guidelines for using dashes:

  1. Hyphens
  • Use hyphens to join compound words (e.g., well-known, self-confidence).
  • Use hyphens to divide words at the end of a line in justified text. Modern word processors often automatically implement hyphens for this function.
  • Use hyphens in certain prefixes and suffixes (e.g., ex-wife, non-profit).
  1. Em-Dashes


  • Use em-dashes to set off parenthetical or explanatory information within a sentence. Example: "The conference—held in Paris—was a great success."
  • Use em-dashes to indicate an abrupt change or interruption in thought. Example: "I can't believe she just—"
  • Use em-dashes instead of colons or commas to create emphasis. Example: "He had only one goal—to win the championship."
  • Use em-dashes to replace missing words or letters, such as in censoring profanity. Example: "What the—"

Remember to use the appropriate dash for the specific context and purpose. Utilizing dashes correctly enhances clarity and adds variety to your writing style.

Including Images with Appropriate Copyright Permissions

Authors are welcome to include images in their submitted manuscripts, provided they have obtained the necessary copyright permissions for any copyrighted material. It is essential to ensure that all included images comply with copyright laws and regulations. If authors have obtained permissions to use copyrighted images, they should clearly indicate the copyright holder and the source of the image within the manuscript.

In addition to including images within the article itself, authors are required to provide full-resolution versions of the images as separate files. These high-resolution images should be appropriately named in a logical and descriptive manner, allowing for easy identification and reference. Naming the image files in a consistent and organized manner helps streamline the publication process and ensures accurate placement of the images within the article.

Authors should also provide clear and informative captions for all included images. Captions should be concise and descriptive, providing relevant information about the content and context of the image. When referring to an image in the text, authors should use a consistent numbering system, such as "Figure 1" or "Figure 2," and ensure that the corresponding caption is placed directly below the image. The caption should provide enough details to allow readers to understand the significance of the image without having to refer to the main text. Captions can include relevant titles, labels, explanations, or references to enhance the reader's understanding of the image's relevance to the article. By providing well-written captions, authors can effectively communicate the purpose and meaning of the included images, enhancing the overall quality and impact of their manuscript.

Ethical Standards

The BAPS Swaminarayan Research Journal holds high standards of ethical conduct and expects authors to uphold these principles throughout the publication process. It is imperative to acknowledge, respect, and adhere to ethical standards to maintain the integrity of scholarly research.

  • Plagiarism, the unauthorized use or appropriation of someone else's work, whether it is ideas, text, or images, is strictly prohibited. Authors are expected to provide accurate and appropriate citations and references for all sources used in their work. Any direct quotations, paraphrases, or borrowed materials must be properly attributed to the original source.
  • Authorship is another crucial aspect of ethical conduct. All individuals who have made substantial contributions to the research and writing process should be listed as authors. It is essential to acknowledge the contributions of others appropriately and avoid any forms of ghostwriting or guest authorship.
  • Conflicts of interest can arise when there is a potential bias that could compromise the objectivity and integrity of the research. Authors should disclose any financial, personal, or professional relationships that could be perceived as potential conflicts of interest.
  • We place a strong emphasis on the significance of responsible scholarship that upholds a spirit of respect, integrity, and openness. We encourage authors to actively engage in rigorous research and critical analysis while maintaining a tone that fosters understanding and encourages constructive dialogue. It is crucial to refrain from using language that incites hatred, deliberately distorts facts, or may be perceived as offensive. By carefully expressing ideas thoughtfully, authors can contribute to a scholarly environment that promotes collaboration, mutual respect, and the advancement of knowledge. We firmly believe that responsible scholarship not only enhances the credibility of research but also plays a vital role in fostering understanding and promoting harmonious exchanges among diverse perspectives.

The BAPS Swaminarayan Research Journal is committed to upholding these ethical expectations and encourages authors to familiarize themselves with the principles of responsible research and scholarly conduct. By promoting ethical practices, we strive to foster an environment of integrity and excellence in academic publishing.

Contact Information

For any inquiries or clarifications regarding the author guidelines or manuscript submission, please feel free to reach out to the editorial office. We are here to assist you throughout the publication process and provide any necessary support. To contact us, please send an email to [email protected]. We kindly request your patience as we strive to respond to your inquiries in a timely manner. Your questions and feedback are important to us, and we are committed to ensuring a smooth and efficient communication process.


In conclusion, these author guidelines serve as a comprehensive resource, guiding you through every stage of the submission process and providing clear instructions for preparing your manuscript for our journal. From the initial abstract submission to the final publication, we have outlined the necessary steps and highlighted key requirements to ensure the quality and scholarly value of your work.

Throughout these guidelines, our primary goal has been to promote rigorous research and maintain the highest ethical standards. By adhering to these guidelines, you can contribute to the advancement of knowledge and the larger academic community. We emphasize our commitment to fostering a scholarly environment that encourages critical analysis, originality, and responsible conduct.

We recognize the significant role authors play in shaping scholarly discourse within their respective fields. Your dedication to following these guidelines will not only enhance the credibility and impact of your research but also facilitate a smooth and efficient publication process. Our journal's editorial team and peer reviewers are committed to providing valuable feedback and guidance to help you refine your work and ensure its scholarly excellence.

We extend our sincere gratitude to all authors who choose to submit their valuable scholarly work to our journal. Your contributions are essential in expanding the boundaries of knowledge and fostering intellectual dialogue. We eagerly anticipate receiving your submissions and embarking on a collaborative journey towards advancing research and promoting scholarly excellence.

Should you have any further questions or require clarification on any aspect of these guidelines, please do not hesitate to reach out to our responsive editorial office. We are here to assist you and provide the necessary support for your scholarly endeavors.


[1] ‘Dāsabhāva’ refers to the sentiment of wilful and unpretentious service that originates from, among other things, love, respect, adoration, humility and gratitude.

[2] “brahmabhūtaḥ prasannātmā na śocati na kāṅkṣati। samaḥ sarveṣu bhūteṣu madbhaktiṃ labhate parām॥ ” (Gī. 18.54) (Bhadreśadāsa Sādhu, Śrīmadbhagavadgītā Svāminārāyaṇabhāṣyam 360–1)

[3] “brahmabhūtaḥ prasannātmā na śocati na kāṅkṣati। samaḥ sarveṣu bhūteṣu madbhaktiṃ labhate parām॥” (Gī. 18.54) (Bhadreśadāsa Sādhu, Śrīmadbhagavadgītā Svāminārāyaṇabhāṣyam 360–1)

[4] A brahmāṇḍa is an individual cosmos.

© Akshardham Center for Applied Research in Social Harmony (AARSH) | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy